Vologda Oblast

Vologda Oblast
   An administrative region of the Russian Federation. Measuring more than 700 kilometers from east to west, Vologda Oblast occupies 145,700 square kilometers of northwestern European Russia. It is part of the Northern Economic Region and the Northwestern Federal District. The population of the oblast is 1.2 million; it borders the Republic of Kareliya and the oblasts of Arkhangelsk, Kirov, Kostroma, Yaroslavl, Novgorod, and Leningrad. The region sits on Lake Onega in the northwest and Rybinskoye Reservoir in the southwest, and includes a number of other large lakes including Ozero Beloye (White Lake) and Ozero Vozhe. The main rivers are the Sukhona, Yug, Sheksna, and Mologa. Accompanying its geographic attributes, the region is rich in historical sites, including the Kirillo-Belozersky monastery and the UNESCO-recognized Ferapontov convent, making the region an important tourism destination.
   The regional capital, Vologda (pop. 293,000), is not the largest city in the region; instead Cherepovets (pop. 311,000), an important steeland chemical-producing center within Russia, wields that distinction. Despite its northerly location, Vologda’s agribusiness sector is well developed and produces milk, meat, and eggs, as well as world-famous butter. In industrial terms, metallurgy is the most important sector. The region excels at producing steel, fertilizers, timber, and linen, and is a leader in terms of industrial goods among Russia’s federal subjects. OAO Severstal is Russia’s largest producer of rolled metal.
   Vologda is internationally recognized as one of the most stable regions in Russia for foreign investment. Companies from Finland, Germany, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States are particularly active in the region.
   In 1996, Vyacheslav Pozgalev, a former manager at the Severstal, won election to the post of governor; he had been appointed by Boris Yeltsin shortly before the election. Pozgalev was reelected with a strong mandate in 1999. In the early 1990s, Pozgalev had been part of Yegor Gaydar’s Russia’s Choice movement. An economic liberal, his platform was built on economic stability, attraction of foreign capital, and avoidance of scandal and corruption (his predecessor, Nikolay Podgornov, was removed for taking bribes). Through tax breaks and other incentives, he turned Vologda into an attractive destination for foreign companies. He also supported women’s rights and media freedom.
   In the late 1990s, he joined Konstantin Titov’s Russia’s Voice (Golos Rossii) movement. He was able to hold onto his position throughout both administrations of Vladimir Putin (who nominated him for reappointment in 2007), and has a good working relationship with Dmitry Medvyedev. Pozgalev is one of the few regional executives who actively support the appointment of governors by the president. In recent years, the region has expanded its relationship with Belarus, including building a steel mill and developing a number of joint projects.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vologda Oblast — ( ru. Вологодская область, IPA ru|vəlɐˈgotskəjə ˈobləsʲtʲ, Vologodskaya oblast ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Area: 145,700 km²; population: 1,269,568 (as of the 2002 Census). Its largest city is Cherepovets, but the administrative …   Wikipedia

  • Nikolsky District, Vologda Oblast — Nikolsky District (English) Никольский район (Russian) …   Wikipedia

  • Mezhdurechensky District, Vologda Oblast — Mezhdurechensky District (English) Междуреченский район (Russian) …   Wikipedia

  • Nikolsk, Vologda Oblast — For other places with the same name, see Nikolsk. Nikolsk (English) Никольск (Russian) …   Wikipedia

  • Lake Beloye (Vologda Oblast) — Infobox lake lake name = Lake Beloye image lake = caption lake = image bathymetry = caption bathymetry = location = Vologda Oblast coords = coord|60|10|N|37|38|E|region:RU type:waterbody source:cswiki|display=inline,title type = inflow = Kovzha… …   Wikipedia

  • Kosovo, Vologda Oblast — Kosovo ( ru. Косово) is a village in Vologda Oblast, Russia …   Wikipedia

  • Sokol, Vologda Oblast — Sokol ( ru. Сокол) is a town in Vologda Oblast and administrative center of Sokolsky District (raion). 2002 population mdash;43,042. The town is home to two large paper mills ( Sukhonsky Tsellyulozno Bumazhny Kombinat and Sokolsky Tsellyulozno… …   Wikipedia

  • Administrative divisions of Vologda Oblast — *Cities and towns under the oblast s jurisdiction: **Vologda (Вологда) (administrative center) **Cherepovets (Череповец) **Sokol (Сокол) **Veliky Ustyug (Великий Устюг) *** Towns under the town s jurisdiction: ****Krasavino (Красавино) *** Urban… …   Wikipedia

  • Vologda — Вологда …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Oblast de Vologda — (ru) Вологодская область …   Wikipédia en Français